Frequently Asked Questions about ADHD
Who is affected by ADHD?
Children, teens, young adults, and adults, both males and females, are affected by ADHD. There has been some recent controversy regarding prevalence rates of ADHD in children and adolescents in the United States. Nevertheless, most experts agree that the rate falls somewhere between 5% and 7% of the general population. Boys are more likely than girls to be diagnosed with ADHD. Girls are more likely to present with ADHD, inattentive presentation. Moreover, the symptoms of ADHD generally manifest throughout one’s lifetime (meaning they are present at a young age through adulthood) and usually can be seen at a young age.
What about ADD?
Attention-deficit disorder, or ADD, is a term that many people still use. Nevertheless, it is an outdated term that was once used to describe ADHD.
Am I the reason why my child has ADHD?
Parents, caregivers, teachers, or peers cannot cause ADHD in another individual. However, it is important to mention some risk factors for ADHD:
- Pregnancy and birth complications or low birth weight
- Substance use (both alcohol and drugs) and smoking cigarettes during pregnancy
- Exposure to environmental toxins such as lead at a young age
ADHD has a strong genetic link, meaning that if someone in a child’s family (e.g., parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, or cousin) has ADHD, that child is at higher risk of developing ADHD than a child whose family does not have a similar history.
Other Resources & Websites
- ADHD & You > If You Suspect a Loved One Has ADHD
- American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) > What Is ADHD?
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) > ADHD
- CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)
- CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) > About ADHD
- Effective Child Therapy > ADHD
- Mayo Clinic > ADHD in Children
- National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) > ADHD
- NHS Choices > ADHD
- National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) > ADHD
- NewYork-Presbyterian (NYP) > ADHD in Children
- Understood: For Learning and Attention Issues > Understanding ADHD
- verywell.com > ADHD in Children
Dr. Zachary Blumkin completed his clinical internship and postdoctoral fellowship at New York-Presbyterian's Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center. He is currently an Assistant Professor of Medical Psychology (in Psychiatry) at Columbia University Medical Center, where he supervises, teaches, and meets with children, teens, and families.